Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory joint disease . Chronic pain and swelling, initially mainly in the small joints of the fingers and toes, then in other joints, as well as in the tendon sheaths and bursa
1 – EXERCISE
Daily muscle strengthening and flexibility exercises are important to combat stiffness in the fingers and therefore maintain mobility.
They consist of work on pincer and grip strength.
“ For example, it is advisable to squeeze a foam ball several times ,” says Professor Francis Berenbaum.
Three types of exercises are very useful:
Range of motion exercises should be performed at least 30 minutes per day.
Strengthening exercises should be done 2 or 3 times a week.
Endurance exercises (cardio or aerobic) should be performed for at least 30 minutes, 3 or 4 times per week.
If necessary, consult an expert about how to start an exercise program and what types of exercises to do or avoid.
2 – HOT AND COLD COMPRESSES
Hot or cold compresses applied to the painful joint can help reduce pain, swelling and joint stiffness.
This method is safe and can be used regularly.
Consult your pharmacist or doctor to find out what type of compress to apply to your joint.
Never apply a cold compress directly to the skin to avoid frostbite.
3 – FISH OIL
Eat more fish oil.
People who eat a diet rich in omega-3 (found in oily fish like mackerel, salmon and sardines) often see a reduction in joint pain.
These fatty acids would help reduce inflammation.
You can take them in food form and/or as a supplement.
The ideal is to combine the two by eating fatty fish three times a week and taking fish oil supplements, at a rate of 2000 to 5000 mg per day.